(most common name)
• La race Armoricaine
also named (English):
The Armoricaine is a locally developed French breed used for dairy.
The Armoricaine originated in 1880 as a composite of Froment du Léon, Pie Rouge de Carhaix (a red pied and larger-bodied variety of the Breton Black Pied) and imported Durham Shorthorn.
The Armoricaine was combined for a time (1962–1970) with the Maine-Anjou to form the Rouge de l’Ouest (Western Red). But the Armoricaine almost disappeared during this period due to crossing with the Meuse-Rhine-Yssel and German Red Pied from 1966 to 1970. The crossed Armoricaine, along with the 3 pure breeds, became known as the Pie Rouge des Plaines (French Red Pied Lowland).
By 1978, only 40 Armoricaine cows were left. A conservation program was started in the 1980’s using semen from long-dead bulls. The last population update of 2015 listed 253 breeding females and 10 breeding males.
You can also go to:
My Daily Cow® France and read about other French cattle breeds.
The Cow Wall® A-Z Cattle Breed Picture Reference to see other breeds of cattle in the world.