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Aubrac -bull- France

(most common name)
(transboundary/brand name)

(local/other name):
• La race Aubrac
• Laguiole

The Aubrac started its first steps as a breed in the 1600s at the Benedictine Abbey of Aubrac in the mountainous Mezenc area at the south of the Massif Central (where the regions of Auvergne, Midi-Pyrenées and Languedoc-Roussillon converge). Controlled breeding of local cattle was practiced at the Abbey until it was destroyed during the French Revolution.

Government-promoted selective breeding between 1840–80 involved sires of:
• Durham (Shorthorn)
Swiss Brown

1892 - Aubrac herdbook established
1914 - Aubrac breed society formed

The Aubrac gradually absorbed several closely related breeds and strains, including:
Gévaudan (also, Lozeriènne) - a little-known strain
Cevennes - closely related dark colored type
Méznec - only partly absorbed

The Aubrac was formerly a dairy/draught breed, but is now oriented towards beef production (the double-muscling gene is present and monitored).

The Aubrac is described as:
• grey-white to very light brown (with a touch of yellow-orange — known as froment)
• white muzzleband
• outward growing, lyre-shaped horns with black tips

(French) froment = wheat

Aubrac -cow- France

This page was last updated on: 2023-05-14

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