(most common name)
also named (English):
• Three Rivers cattle
• Three-river breed
The Sanhe, a dual-purpose breed, is usually red-and-white, but can also be black-and-white. According to Felius (1995), the Sanhe has been systematically selected and bred since 1945; breeding standards were formulated in 1982.
There are several different views on the origin of the Sanhe:
• Epstein (1969) - developed since 1900 from local cows of Inner Mongolia crossed with imported Siberian and Friesian bulls.
• Cheng (1984, Livestock Breeds of China and 1986, Bovine Breeds of China) - developed from Menggu cows crossed with Simmental and Shorthorn bulls.
• Mason (1988) - developed around 1900 from Mongolian cows crossed with Siberian, Simmental and Friesian bulls.
• Qiu Huai et al. (1993) - developed since 1898 from Mongolian cows in Hulunbiur crossed indiscriminately with imported Simmental, Yaroslavl, Siberian and Huormedanr (?) bulls.
• Mason (2016) - developed in Hulunbiur starting around 1912 from Mongolian cows crossed with Simmental, Yaroslavl, and Siberian bulls.
• DAD-IS (2018) - composite of indigenous local cows crossed with Simmental, Yaroslavl and Yakut bulls.
Hulunbuir (Hulun Buir) is a region in northeastern Inner Mongolia, China.
You can also go to:
My Daily Cow® China and read about other Chinese cattle breeds.
The Cow Wall® A-Z Cattle Breed Picture Reference to see other breeds of cattle in the world.