The Illyrian (aka Albanian Illyrian and Albanian; Illyrieskakaja in Albanian) belongs to the Illyrian Shorthorn cattle group and is a brachyceros type.
Brachyceros type cattle are described as:
‘Brachy’ (from the Greek meaning ‘short’) and ‘cerous’ (also Greek, for ‘horns’) makes ‘brachyceros’ a word essentially meaning ‘short horns’.
Archeological remains of brachyceros type cattle date from the 6th millennium B.C. and were discovered during the 19th century. At the time, they were thought to be a different, distinct type of aurochs. Because of this, the remains were originally classified as Bos brachyceros (and, later, Bos longifrons, as in ‘long forehead’).
However, both Latin classifications (Bos brachyceros and Bos longifrons) were dropped when the distinctive long skull formation was found not to be a second type of aurochs — but to have evolved through domestication. ‘Brachyceros’ then became a word defining a particular cattle ‘type’ (i.e. having essential characteristics belonging to a group).
At the end of the 19th century, brachyceros type cattle of the Balkan peninsula were given the group name of Illyrian Shorthorn — after the ancient Illyrians.
You can also go to:
The Cow Wall® of Albania
My Daily Cow® A-Z Alphabetical Cattle Breed Reference
and read about other cattle breeds.